Necropolis of Pantalica
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Declared Unesco heritage, it is the largest rock necropolis in Europe, this archaeological site houses 5000 tombs contained in small caves that have been excavated in the limestone walls.
The largest necropolis in Europe and one of the wildest areas of South Sicily, the perfect place to go hiking and discover the ancient traces of the original sicilian population.
Set in a scenic gorge the necropolis of some of the first inhabitants of Sicily. Great for a short to medium length hike.
The reserve is part of the huge Hyblean highland covering a great part of south-east Sicily, it stretches along different towns of Siracusa province: Sortino, Ferla, Cassaro, Buscemi and Palazzolo. The reserve offers is an extraordinary variety of wild natural, breathtaking landscapes,…
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“If you like nature, panoramic views and trekking you should have a trip to Cavagrande del Cassibile during your holiday in Sicily. It's a huge nature reserve which surrounds the canyon formed by the little Cassibile river. The Canyon is about 10 Km long and has steep stone walls, over 300 m high in some points. Cavagrande is located few kilometers from the little town of Avola, southern of Syracuse. The main access point to the canyon is the little road which passes near Avolaantica, a town destroyed by a terrible earthquake in the year 1693. It's not necessary to do a tiring excursion to enjoy beautiful panoramic views over the province of Syracuse till the sea or look down in the canyon to admire the little lakes and the curves of the little Cassibile river. Spring is a great season to visit the nature reserve because the temperatures are mild and the landscape is fullfilled with flowers. During the summer months it's also possible to have a bath in the fresh little lakes which are located at the base of the canyon. There are also archeological remains like the impressive "GrottadeiBriganti", or the prehistoric Cassibile necropolis, at the end of the canyon. There are a lot of pathways with different difficulty grades which permit the visit to Cavagrande. If you are visiting Cava Grande the first time, we suggest the "Scalacruci" pathway which starts at the Belvedere and arrives at the little lakes.”
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“The Vendicari Nature Reserve was planned by a law of the Region of Sicily in 1981, but it was officially established in 1984, after numerous struggles of environmental groups and many bureaucratic steps. The history of the reserve has very ancient origins. Various archaeological and architectural statements are from the establishment of the man since the Greek era. Hellenistic Age South of Eloro, not far from the beach Marianelli, there are some quarries (stone quarries) of the 5th century BC used in the ancient Greek city of Eloro for the construction of temples and monuments. By the sea, not far from the Sveva Tower, there are tanks for tuna processing, next to which a small necropolis was also discovered. Inside the reserve, even a portion of the ancient via Elorina is visible, the connecting road between the colony of Eloro and Syracuse. Byzantine Age The complex of Byzantine is located in the south of Vendicari, today called “Cittadella dei Maccari”. In this site you can admire the Trigona: a Byzantine Cuba, which like all the churches of the time, has a square layout with three apses, a dome top and an opening to the east so that, as per tradition, the full moon light could enter the building beginning in this way the Holy Easter. At a small distance from the Byzantine Cuba there are several catacombs dating from the same period and some rests of houses, a sign of a densely populated area. Medieval Age To this period belongs the most beautiful and visited construction of the Reserve: The Sveva Tower, probably built by Peter of Aragon, count of Albuquerque and duke of Noto (1406-1438). This fortification was required to report and repel attacks of Saracen pirates and Barbary, which with their constant raids systematically ransacked the inhabited centres and countryside of the island. During the centuries, the structure was reinforced and rebuilt, until it took the current form.The Sveva Tower was used until the 19th century, time of invention of the telegraph that made obsolete these defence systems. Modern Age Of “recent” construction, but no less charming, is the Tonnara of Vendicari: also called Bafatu, that was built in the 18th century following the large increase of concessions of tuna-fishing nets. The activities of fishing tunas were facilitated by the presence of saltmines, the first dating back to the Greek era. Alternating between flourishing periods and closure ones, the tuna fishing system was completely renovated in 1914, thanks to the financial support of Antonino Modica Munafò, noble of Avola. In 1943, after the landing of the allies, and because of insufficient economic performance of trading tunas, the tuna fishing closed its activities. Today it remains a fascinating and unique proof of the traditional Sicilian Fisheries. Learn more about the Tonnara of Vendicari.”
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“the castle from Federica of Swabia II, nice view and amazing live concerts during the summer. ”
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“Barcollo is a modern and stylish bar, located in a courtyard close to Piazza Duomo. The atmosphere is cool and the aperitivos are delicious. ”
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